TODAYinBASEBALL
New story (almost) EVERYDAY from baseball's rich past
ON THIS DATE ... Last Updated: Jan 1, 2008 - 1:13 AM


APRIL 13 (1914) - Rebels*
By Bill Grimes
Apr 13, 2007 - 8:49 PM

Email this article
 Printer friendly page

Rebel major league begins play
Federal League doesn’t last but impact still felt

BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, APRIL 13, 1914 – A third major league began play as the Baltimore Terrapins defeated the Buffalo Blues 3 to 2 before 27,140 fans. The insurgent Federal League lured a handful of players from the National and American leagues, including marquee names Joe Tinker and Three Finger Brown. FL President James Gilmore was confident there was money to be made and convinced a group of financial moguls of the same.

The new league put teams in eight cities, including four where the National or American leagues already had teams. The Federal League kept waving wads of cash at players. Shoeless Joe Jackson was reportedly offered four times his salary to jump to the new League. The National and American Leagues reacted by throwing more money at the likes of Ty Cobb, Tris Speaker and Walter Johnson to keep them where they were.

 

The Federal League didn’t appear to be a fly-by-night operation. All eight teams had new stadiums. Attendance was comparable to the NL and AL. In that first off-season, the upstart league continued to wave money at established players like Eddie Plank and Chief Bender. Both made the jump from the 1914 pennant winning Philadelphia Athletics to the FL.

 

The Federal League was also trying to beat the established major leagues in court. It sued the AL and NL for being unfair monopolies. The parties eventually settled. As part of the agreement, the owner of the Chicago Whales was allowed to buy the Chicago Cubs. The ballpark he built for the Whales became the Cubs home and would later be known as Wrigley Field.

 

Other FL players and teams were absorbed into the National or American League, but not all. Players like Joe Tinker and Three Finger Brown were blackballed for joining the “outlaw” league. The owners of the Federal League’s Baltimore franchise weren’t happy with the settlement and sued. It went all the way to the US Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of Major League Baseball saying it was exempt from anti-trust laws.

 

  • The Federal League’s inaugural season had teams in Brooklyn, Chicago, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Kansas City, Buffalo and Indianapolis.
  • The judge who presided over the Federal League’s lawsuit against Major League Baseball was Kennesaw Landis, who later became the first commissioner of baseball.

 

Contributing Sources:

Chicago Tribune

www.mrbaseball.com/1914.php

www.historicbaseball.com/federalleague.html

www.toyou.com/fl/

www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/




© Copyright 2007 by TODAYinBASEBALL

Top of Page

ON THIS DATE ...
Latest Headlines
APRIL 12 (1960) - The Stick*
APRIL 13 (1914) - Rebels*
APRIL 14 (1993) - Aussies*
APRIL 15 (1947) - Jackie*
APRIL 16 (1929) - First first*
APRIL 17 (1953) - Mick*
APRIL 18 (1923) - Stadium*
APRIL 19 (1996) - Mercy*
APRIL 20 (1939) - The Kid*
APRIL 21 (1934) - Spy*
APRIL 22 (1886) - Seniors*
APRIL 23 (1952) - Hoyt*
APRIL 24 (1907) - Numbers*
APRIL 25 (1995) - Comeback*
APRIL 26 (1961) - Maris*
APRIL 27 (1947) - Goodbye*
APRIL 28 (1956) - Robinson*
APRIL 29 (1936) - Japan*
APRIL 30 (1961) - Say Hey*
MAY 1 (1969) - No-hitters*
MAY 2 (1939) - Gehrig*
MAY 4 (1871) - Game 1*
MAY 5 (1975) - DR*
MAY 6 (1964) - Roof*
MAY 7 (1957) - Score*
MAY 8 (1947) - Welcome*
MAY 9 (1984) - Marathon*
MAY 10 (1967) - Inside*
MAY 11 (1977) - Turner*
MAY 12 (1926) - Train*
MAY 13 (1958) - Stan*
MAY 14 (1927) - Collapse*
MAY 15 (1912) - Cobb*
MAY 16 (1939) - Night*
MAY 17 (1979) - 23 to 22*
MAY 18 (1957) - Curfew*
MAY 19 (1981) - Leadoff*
MAY 20 (1945) - One arm*
MAY 21 (1943) - Quick*
MAY 22 (1963) - Mantle*
MAY 23 (1901) - 4X2*
MAY 24 (1935) - Lights*
MAY 25 (2002) - Green*
MAY 26 (1959) - Haddix*
MAY 28 (2007) - Memorial*
MAY 29 (1952) - Aaron*
MAY 30 (1894) - First*
MAY 31 (1975) - Legends*
JUNE 1 (1925) - Gehrig*
JUNE 2 (1941) - The end*
JUNE 3 (1985) - Draft*
JUNE 4 (1974) - Beer*
JUNE 6 (1983) - Draft*
JUNE 7 (1973) - Baptism*
JUNE 8 (1979) - 2 sports*
JUNE 9 (1963) - Heat*
JUNE 10 (1969) - Colavito*
JUNE 11 (1938) - no no*
JUNE 12 (1970) - LSD*
JUNE 13, (1924) - Riot*
JUNE 15 (1964) - Brock*
JUNE 16 (2006) - Senators*
JUNE 17 (1964) - DESIGN*
JUNE 18 (1962) - Twice*
JUNE 19 (1846) - First*
JUNE 20 (1948) - Crowd*
JUNE 21 (2004) - 500*
JUNE 24 (1983) - Stormin*
JUNE 25 (1968) - Bonds*
JUNE 26 (1920) - 17*
JUNE 27 (1973) - Clyde*
JUNE 28 (1911) - Polo*
JUNE 29 (1905) - Moonlight*
JULY 2 (1941) - DiMaggio*
JULY 3 (1966) - Slams*
JULY 4 (1939) - Luckiest*
JULY 6 (1974) - Dick*
JULY 8 (1994) - TP*
JULY 10 (1936) - Klein*
JULY 12 (1979) - Disco*
JULY 16 (1932) - Geese*
JULY 18 (1948) - 4 baggers*
JULY 19 (1933) - Brothers*
JULY 20 (1858) - Build it*
JULY 22 (1962) - 6 for 6*
JULY 24 (1983) - Pine tar*
JULY 25 (1959) - Cuba*
JULY 28 (1976) - No-hits*
JULY 29 (2003) - 2 slams*
AUGUST 6 (1952) - Paige*
AUGUST 7 (1907) - Walter*
AUGUST 8 (1954) - Rally*
AUGUST 11 (1976) - Big Red*
AUGUST 12 (1936) - Berlin*
AUGUST 13 (1978) - Rain*
AUGUST 14 (1958) - Home*
AUGUST 16 (1927) - Hype*
AUGUST 19 (1951) - Midget*
AUGUST 21 (1982) - Rollie*
AUGUST 22 (1965) - Juan*
AUGUST 24 (1989) - Rose*
AUGUST 25 (1983) - Minors*
AUGUST 27 (1955) - Koufax*
AUGUST 30 (1865) - Champs
SEPTEMBER 1 (1890) - Three
SEPTEMBER 2 (1990) - No*
SEPTEMBER 3 (1957) - Loss
SEPTEMBER 4 (1933) - Once*
SEPT 6 (1981) - Fernando*
SEPTEMBER 8 (1914) - 1st*
SEPT. 16 (1924) - 12 RBI
SEPTEMBER 17 (1980) - CG*
SEPT. 20 (1998) - Cal*
SEPT. 21 (1888) - Left Field*
SEPT. 23 (1845) - Rules*
SEPT. 24 (1920) - The Fix*
SEPT. 25 (1955) - Kaline*
SEPT. 27 (1953) - Browns*
SEPT. 28 (1930) - Hacker*
SEPT 30 (1971) - Forfeit*
OCT. 1 (1932) - Ruth
OCT. 3 (1951) - The shot*
OCT. 5 (1941) - Dropped*
OCT. 6 (1959) - 92,706*
OCT. 8 (1956) - Perfect*
OCT. 11 (1899) - Born*
OCT. 14 (1972) - Tenace*
OCT. 15 (1986) - Playoffs*
OCT. 18 (1977) - Reggie*
OCT. 21 (1975) - Stay fair*
OCT. 22 (1845) - box score*
OCT. 26 (1991) - Kirby*
OCT. 28 (1979) - Billy*
OCT. 29 (1979) - Out!*
NOV. 11 (1934) - Japan
NOV. 12 (1920) - Comish*
NOV. 17 (1953) - Browns
NOV. 18 (1980) - Brett*
NOV. 19 (1990) - Barry*
NOV. 20 (1869) - Clark*
NOV. 23 (2001) - Belinsky*
NOV. 24 (1953) - Walt*
NOV. 25 (1895) - Jakie*
DEC. 3 (2001) - Enron*
DEC. 9 (1987) - Gorbachev*
DEC. 10 (1919) - Spitball*
DEC. 11 (1928) - DH*
DEC. 12 (1930) - Bounce*
DEC. 16 (1975) - Veeck*
DEC. 17 (1891) - NL & AA
JAN. 1 (1911) - Hank*
JAN. 2 (1918) - Burleigh*
JAN. 3 (1973) - George*
JAN. 4 (1957) - Expansion*
JAN. 5 (1915) - FL*